Even after the decline of Hindu population in Bangladesh from thirteen.5% in 1974, just after the independence, Hindus were at around 9.2% of the inhabitants in 2001 based on authorities estimates following the census. However, Hindus accounted for under four members of the 300 member parliament following the 2001 elections via direct election; this went up to five following a by-election victory in 2004. Significantly, of the 50 seats reserved for ladies which might be immediately nominated by the Prime Minister, not a single one was allotted to a Hindu. Thousands of Bangladeshi Hindus have been believed to have fled to neighbouring India to escape the violence unleashed by activists sympathetic to the new government. Many Bangladeshi Muslims performed an energetic position in documenting atrocities against Hindus during this era.

In a family court, a girl’s testimony is value half of a person’s testament. The Family Code is mainly derived from Islamic regulation and regulates personal standing issues similar to marriage, divorce, child custody and inheritance. Article 222 of the Family Code of 1984 specifies sharia as the residuary supply of laws.

The largest Muslim population in a rustic is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world’s Muslims, adopted by Pakistan (11.zero%), and India (10.9%).About 20% of Muslims stay in Arab countries. In the Middle East, the non-Arab nations of Iran and Turkey are the most important Muslim-majority international locations; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.

Hindu temples

bangladesh women

Bangladesh has also not elected a male as Prime Minister since 1988.

Personal instruments

The historic Ramna Kali Temple in Dhaka and the century-previous Rath at Dhamrai were demolished and burned down by the Pakistani Army. According to the 2001 census there are 11,379,000 Hindus in Bangladesh. However, some estimates show that there are about 12 million Hindus in Bangladesh. Hindus in Bangladesh within the late 2000s were almost evenly distributed in all areas, with massive concentrations in Gopalganj, Dinajpur, Sylhet, Sunamganj, Mymensingh, Khulna, Jessore, Chittagong and elements of Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Judicial corporal punishment is widespread in Qatar because of the Hanbali interpretation of Islamic law. Article 1 of the Law No. eleven Of 2004 (Penal Code) allows for the applying of “Sharia provisions” for the crimes of theft, adultery, defamation, consuming alcohol and apostasy if either the suspect or the sufferer is a Muslim. Islamic Sharia is the idea for laws in Oman per Article 2 of its Constitution, and promulgated as Sultani Decree one hundred and one/1996. The Personal Statute (Family) Law issued by Royal Decree ninety seven/32 codified provisions of Sharia. Sharia Court Departments throughout the civil court system are responsible for personal status matters.

Other sharia-based mostly felony laws were enacted with “Syariah Criminal Offences (Federal Territory) Act of 1997”. Aceh is the only part of Indonesia to use Sharia to criminal legislation.

Islamic regulation is among the sources of legislation for Muslim residents. Islamic law is binding on private law issues for Muslim citizens. The Sharia Courts of Israel arose as a continuation of the Ottoman sharia courts, whose jurisdiction was restricted beneath the British Mandate. The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act 1937 directs the appliance of Muslim Personal Law to Muslims in numerous completely different areas, mainly related to household regulation. Tunisia has a protracted secular tradition with a legal system based on French civil legislation.

United Nations

Most Muslims in Bangladesh are Sunnis, however there is a small Shia community. Although these Shias are few in number, Shia observance commemorating the martyrdom of Muhammad’s grandson, Husain ibn Ali, is extensively observed by the nation’s Sunnis.

bangladesh women


The research discovered extra Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and extra in China than in Syria. Indian state of Uttar Pradesh has extra Muslims than some other Muslim majority international locations except Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Iran and Turkey. South Asia accommodates the most important inhabitants of Muslims in the world. Pakistan is the second largest Muslim-majority nation in terms of inhabitants in the world. Islam is the dominant faith within the Maldives, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh.

In these systems, the central legislative position is played by politicians and trendy jurists quite than traditional religious bangladesh women students. Pakistan, Egypt, Malaysia, and Nigeria are examples of states having mixed techniques.

The international locations where hudud penalties are authorized don’t use stoning and amputation routinely, and customarily apply different punishments as an alternative. Most Muslim countries have combined authorized methods that postulate a structure and Rule of Law, while additionally permitting rules of traditional Islamic jurisprudence to influence sure areas of nationwide legislation. These methods possess large bodies of codified laws, which can be based on European or Indian codes.

State Department, the sharia-derived family code treats women as minors underneath the authorized guardianship of a husband or male relative, though in apply the implied restrictions aren’t uniformly enforced. Except for secular methods, Muslim-majority international locations possess sharia-based family legal guidelines (marriage, inheritance, and so forth). These legal guidelines typically mirror influence of assorted modern-period reforms and tend to be characterised by ambiguity, with conventional and modernist interpretations often manifesting themselves in the identical country, each in laws and courtroom decisions. Secular techniques are those the place sharia plays no role within the nation’s legal system and non secular interference in state affairs, politics, and regulation is not permitted.

As per 2011 census Muslims represent over 90% of the population, whereas Hindus constitute eight.5% and remaining relaxation constitute 1%. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the primary choice by a citizen for self-identification. The Constitution denominates Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, and Buddhism.

Legislators who codified these laws sought to modernize them without abandoning their foundations in traditional jurisprudence. The Islamic revival of the late twentieth century introduced along calls by Islamist actions for full implementation of sharia, including hudud capital punishments, corresponding to stoning. In some instances, this resulted in traditionalist legal reform, while different countries witnessed juridical reinterpretation of sharia advocated by progressive reformers.